Hydropower plants capture the energy that flowing water creates and turn this into electricity for end users. The plants can range in size, but take the form of either a run-of-river plant, pumped-storage power plant, or a reservoir plant.
Hydropower plants are typically built from the same components, but each one is always custom-designed to match the needs of a specific project, particularly with respect to available head and flow. Therefore, a number of factors need to be considered before constructing a plant. This includes finding a suitable site (which can impact the future production of the plant), picking the ideal turbine to use, and selecting the most suitable type of plant to build according to the project’s needs.