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Case study Atlantic, wind energy

The project Atlantic comprises four operational wind farms in southern Sweden with a total capacity of 61.4 MW. They are located in Alered (13.2 MW), Mungseröd (15.2 MW), Ramsnäs (13.4 MW) and Skalleberg (19.6 MW). These are attractive wind locations with capacity factors (share of full load hours in one year) of approx. 29% to 35%. The grid connection of the three wind farms Alered, Mungseröd and Ramsnäs took place in Q3 and Q4 2014 and from the Skalleberg wind farm in Q1 2015.

Technical data
Technical data

Wind turbines were installed by Vestas for all four wind farms. There is a service and maintenance contract, which also includes a guarantee for technical availability. The technical operational management is ensured by the Swedish developer on-site, including a corresponding monitoring service.

Technical data
Power remuneration
Power remuneration

There is a long-term Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) with a fixed purchase price with the data center operator in Finland. For the remaining years of operation after the end of the PPA, the electricity revenue is raised on the open market (NordPool Spot). In addition to the actual electricity tariff, the project also receives revenues from the sale of green certificates (El Certificates). The Green Electricity Certificates have a long-term purchase agreement (El-Certificates Purchase Agreement, EPA) with a German company. After expiration of the contract, the certificates will be sold on the open market (NordPool Spot).

NordPool Spot

NordPool Spot is Europe's largest short-term physical power trading platform. Derivatives in the energy sector are traded on separate stock exchanges. The market region for NordPool Spot includes Norway, Sweden and Finland as well as the United Kingdom, Denmark and Germany as well as the Baltic States Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.

Remuneration mechanisms for renewable energies

PPA: This is a power purchase agreement with a company. The term and the power purchase price are freely negotiable.

Certificates: Each MWh produced receives a certificate from a renewable energy plant. Electricity suppliers and sometimes other companies are obliged to purchase a certain amount of certificates depending on their electricity consumption. The prices are not fixed by the state, but market prices. Certificates are either traded on NordPool Spot or they can be sold via a purchase agreement.

Feed-in tariff: This is a government-fixed fixed remuneration per kWh fed in.

Feed-in bonus: A feed-in premium is a government-fixed or variable remuneration for the feed-in from renewable energies, which a producer receives in addition to the sales proceeds on a power exchange.

Call for tenders: An invitation to tender is an auction in which a feed-in tariff or a feed-in tariff for a government-defined generation capacity is determined. The project developer who submits the lowest bid wins the auction and can implement his project.

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